Eating Disorders

Diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa in the DSM-IV include the following : A refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height (usually less than 85% of ideal body weight) Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat Disturbance in the way one’s body weight or shape is experienced, with denial… Read more »


First-degree relatives of depressed individuals are about 3 times as likely to develop depression as the general population. Late-onset depression (after age 60 years) is an etiologically and clinically distinct syndrome from Major Depression genetically passed through generations.  A family history of depression is less common among patients with late-onset depression than in younger adults with… Read more »

Alcohol Abuse

Alcoholism (alcohol dependence) and alcohol abuse are two different forms of problem drinking. Alcoholism: signs of physical addiction to alcohol and continued consumption (despite problems with physical health, mental health, and social, family, or job responsibilities). These patients have: tolerance, withdrawal, & overwhelming involvement in getting alcohol. Alcohol abuse: drinking leads to “problems” (social, work,… Read more »

Bipolar disorder / Manic-Depressive

Bipolar disorder is defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition, irritability, and mood with one or more deep depressive episodes. The disease is characterized by distinct episodes of major depression contrasted with episodes of mania, which lead to severe impairment in function. First-degree relatives of people with Bipolar… Read more »