Abnornal Pap Smears

Pap smear results may indicate a squamous intra-epithelial lesion, or SIL. This indicates cellular tissue damage or dysplasia. There are different categories of SIL, including: low-grade SIL, or LSIL high-grade SIL, or HSIL possibility of cancer atypical glandular cells (AGUS) Many times, LSIL goes away on its own. Your doctor might recommend a follow-up Pap smear… Read more »

Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MUGUS)

The term MGUS denotes the presence of a monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig), also called an M-protein, in the serum or urine in persons without evidence of multiple myeloma, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, amyloidosis, or other lymphoproliferative disorders. The malignant diseases, such as multiple myeloma, Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia, plasmacytoma, and plasma cell leukemia all have large tumor bulk and require… Read more »

Colon Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the second leading malignancy cause of death in the US.  The vast majority are adenocarcinomas. About half are located beyond the splenic flexure. Most colorectal cancers result from the malignant transformation of an adenomatous polyp (tubular, tubulovillous, or villous adenomas) or a serrated polyp. 5% of cancers are inherited mutations like familial… Read more »

Primary Lung Malignancies

The primary lung malignancies are: Small Cell and Non-Small Cell. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in BOTH men and women. Risk factors include: ~Smoking ~Asbestos ~COPD ~Exposure to heavy metals & gases ~Secondary smoke Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for 85% of all lung cancers. Non-small cell… Read more »

Pancreatic Cancer

Very difficult to diagnose and is the frequent cause of an “adenocarcinoma of unknown primary”  At the time of diagnosis, 52% of all patients have distant disease and 26% have regional spread. The relative 1-year survival rate for pancreatic cancer is only 26%, and the overall 5-year survival is 6% Signs & Symptoms Patients typically… Read more »